BRC-20 Tokens: Bitcoin's Trump Card Against Ethereum?

Discover the potential of BRC-20 tokens on the Bitcoin blockchain and their impact on the cryptocurrency ecosystem.

Jul 28, 2023 - 16:45
Oct 19, 2023 - 13:59
BRC-20 Tokens: Bitcoin's Trump Card Against Ethereum?
Reading time - 3 min

In the rapidly changing world of digital currencies, Bitcoin and Ethereum have been the undisputed titans. However, the recent advent of BRC-20 tokens, a fresh token standard on the Bitcoin blockchain, has ignited discussions about Bitcoin's potential to topple Ethereum. 

Join us as we will dissect the nuances of BRC-20 tokens, their potential, and the ripple effects they could have on the broader cryptocurrency ecosystem.

Understanding BRC-20 Tokens

BRC-20 tokens are a new token standard that facilitates the creation and transfer of fungible tokens via the Ordinals protocol on the Bitcoin blockchain. These tokens were first created in March 2023 by an anonymous developer named Domo. Despite their novelty, BRC-20 tokens have already made waves in the crypto world, with some tokens witnessing skyrocketing price hikes.

BRC-20 tokens leverage Ordinals inscriptions of JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) data to deploy token contracts, mint and transfer tokens. The Ordinals protocol is a mechanism for numbering satoshis (the smallest unit of Bitcoin) and allows users to append additional data to satoshis in a process known as "inscription."

Despite the resemblance in their names, BRC-20 and ERC-20 tokens are fundamentally different. BRC-20 tokens operate on the Bitcoin network, while ERC-20 is a standard of the Ethereum network. BRC-20 tokens lack smart contract functionality and thus have limited use cases. In contrast, ERC-20 tokens can interact with other protocols and applications to enable a plethora of services, including borrowing and lending.

The introduction of BRC-20 tokens has significantly impacted the Bitcoin network. Due to the complexity of creating and transferring BRC-20 tokens, they require more space on the blockchain. This increases competition for block space, potentially leading to higher transaction fees for users seeking faster confirmation times. The demand for BRC-20 tokens has also caused significant congestion on the Bitcoin network.

BRC-20 tokens and ordinals have stirred controversy for two main reasons: The first reason is that BRC-20 Tokens are congesting the network and inflating fees. The second objection is that BRC-20 tokens and ordinals "pollute" the blockchain with data that deviates from Satoshi’s vision of a peer-to-peer money transfer system. For Bitcoin purists, anything beyond this is deemed an inappropriate use of the Bitcoin blockchain.

The Pros and Cons of BRC-20 Tokens


  1. Compatibility with the Bitcoin network: BRC-20 tokens integrate seamlessly with the Bitcoin blockchain. This compatibility allows for smooth operation and interaction with the existing Bitcoin infrastructure.
  2. Simplicity: The BRC-20 token standard employs a user-friendly simplified tokenization mechanism.
  3. Security: The BRC-20 token standard boasts exceptional security thanks to the inherent robustness of the Bitcoin blockchain.
  4. Growth potential: As more projects adopt the BRC-20 standard, innovation, and new use cases are likely to emerge.


  1. No smart contract functionality: Unlike other token standards, the BRC-20 standard lacks support for smart contracts.
  2. Dependency on the Bitcoin blockchain: The BRC-20 standard is dependent on the Bitcoin blockchain, subjecting it to the network's inherent limitations.
  3. Limited interoperability: The BRC-20 token standard was specifically designed to function within the Bitcoin blockchain ecosystem.
  4. Limited utility: The BRC-20 standard is unsuitable for tokenizing nonfungible assets or implementing complex token features.
  5. Relatively smaller developer community: Compared to more popular token standards like ERC-20, the BRC-20 standard has a smaller group of developers backing it.

The Future of BRC-20 Tokens: A Forward-Looking Perspective

The future of BRC-20 tokens is susceptible to the trends and flows of the blockchain industry and token-economy dynamics. While these tokens hold promise and demonstrate potential within blockchain-based digital assets, their evolving status necessitates a discerning approach. As the technology matures and more use cases are discovered, the future of BRC-20 tokens could be bright.

So, is this the opportunity for Bitcoin to overthrow Ethereum? The answer is quite complex. While BRC-20 tokens offer new possibilities for the Bitcoin network, they also come with challenges.

Their impact on the Bitcoin network, coupled with their current experimental status, means it's still too early to definitively say whether they could lead to Bitcoin overthrowing Ethereum's dominance over the Tokens and Dapps Market. However, they indeed represent an exciting development in the ongoing evolution of the cryptocurrency landscape.

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